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LCFS Glossary*
* Unless otherwise noted all entries are from the Medicare Glossary

A  |  B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H  |  I  |  J  |  K  |  L  |  M
N  |  O  |  P  |  Q  |  R  |  S  |  T  |  U  |  V  |  W  |  X  |  Y  |  Z

TACTILE* - Sense of touch.

* Our Special Kids.Org
TACTILE DEFENSIVENESS* - Not being able to tolerate being touched or touching things with texture.

* Our Special Kids.Org
TAY-SACHS DISEASE* - Tay-Sachs disease is a rare genetic disorder in which little or no hexosaminidase A (hex A) enzyme is produced by the body. Hex A is necessary to break down normal fatty compounds called gangliosides in the body cells. When these fatty compounds are not broken down, they gradually accumulate and damage brain and nerve cells, making the cells unable to function properly.

There are two forms of Tay-Sachs disease:
  • In the classical or infantile form (the most common type), the body produces no hex A. This form of the disease develops during infancy.
  • In late-onset Tay-Sachs (LOTS), the body produces some hex A, but lower-than-normal amounts. This form of the disease begins between adolescence and the mid-30s.
What causes Tay-Sachs disease?

Tay-Sachs disease is an autosomal recessive disease. This means that to have the disease, you must inherit a gene for the disease from both parents. If you inherit the gene from only one parent, you are a carrier, meaning that you carry the gene for Tay-Sachs but do not get the disease.
  • To inherit the classical or infantile form, you must inherit the gene that cannot produce hex A (inactive hex A gene) from both parents.
  • In late-onset Tay-Sachs disease (LOTS), the hex A gene is altered so that it produces a small amount of hex A. If you have LOTS, you inherited two late-onset hex A genes or one late-onset and one inactive gene.
* WebMD Medical Library
TELEMEDICINE - Professional services given to a patient through an interactive telecommunications system by a practitioner at a distant site.
TOKEN REINFORCEMENT SYSTEM (ALSO REFERRED TO AS "REWARD SYSTEM")* - A system in which students may earn plastic chips, marbles, "checkmarks" or other tangible items that may be exchanged for activities, food items, special privileges, or other rewards for positive behavior changes. Also referred to as a "token economy".

* Our Special Kids.Org
TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBJ)* - Motor vehicle crashes, falls, violent crimes and child abuse are major causes of sudden Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is often a devastating condition characterized by changes that occur when a particular area of the brain is struck, penetrated or pierced. The site of injury may determine what kinds of physical, mental or behavioral changes are likely to occur as a result of damage. Possible physical ramifications include loss of speech, mobility and motor control.

* WebMD Medical Library
TREATMENT - Something done to help with a health problem. For example, medicine and surgery are treatments.
TREATMENT OPTIONS - The choices you have when there is more than one way to treat your health problem.
TTY - A teletypewriter (TTY) is a communication device used by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a severe-speech impairment. A TTY consists of a keyboard, display screen, and modem. Messages travel over regular telephone lines. People who don?t have a TTY can communicate with a TTY user through a message relay center (MRC). An MRC has TTY operators available to send and interpret TTY messages.


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